Pakistan is famous for its sky high mountains, lush green valleys, mighty rivers, beautiful lakes, rich culture, ancient heritage, and diverse cuisine. Pakistan contains Asia’s most spectacular landscapes as it extends over an area of 882,000 km2 with having great diversity of ecological regions and enormous amount of natural resources from the Arabian Sea in the south to the Himalaya-Karakoram-Hindukush (HKH) in the north.
Pakistan is the world’s fifth-most populous country (having a population of almost 227 million), and is also an ecosystem of geographic diversity, thus offering homes to countless animal and plant species. The latter alone consists of nearly 5,700 species of vascular plants, including an estimated 2,000 medicinal plants and 430 trees species recorded in Pakistan. Aside from its dry winter season and the spring season that follows afterward, the country has its own share of hot and rainy monsoons, which – depending on the severity – can cause droughts and floods respectively. The country, unfortunately, also has a high rate of deforestation, along with hunting and pollution that counteracts its intention to lead in the drive towards natural restoration. Fortunately, though, the government has established protected areas and wildlife sanctuaries to remedy the issue.